5G NR Terminologies – 5G Subcarrier Spacing, 5G Frame & Subframe, Slot and Symbol
Explaining 5G Subcarrier spacing as compare to LTE, 5G Frame and Subframe, possibilities of different type of 5G NR slot depending upon the different subcarrier spacing and OFDM symbol:
5G Subcarrier Spacing
In 5G NR, subcarrier spacing of 15, 30, 60, 120 and 240 KHz are supported.
As you see here, each numerology is labled as a parameter (u, mu in Greek). The numerology (u = 0) represents subcarrier spacing of 15 kHz which is same as LTE. And as you see in the second column the subcarrier spacing other than 15KHz, for 5G NR.
NOTE: In LTE, there is only type of subcarrier spacing (15 KHz), whereas in NR, multiple types of subcarrier spacing are available.
5G Frame and Subframe
- Downlink and uplink transmissions are organized into frames with 10ms duration, each consisting of ten subframes of 1ms
- Each frame is divided into two equally-sized half-frames of five subframes each with half-frame 0 consisting of subframes 0 – 4 and half-frame 1 consisting of subframes 5 – 9.
- In Total, there are 10 subframes in one frame.
Slot length gets different depending on different subcarrier spacing. The general tendency is that slot length gets shorter as subcarrier spacing gets wider. Actually this tendency comes from the nature of OFDM.
- Number of slots per subframe varies with carrier spacing
- There can be 1, 2, 4, 8, or 16 slots per subframe
NOTE: In LTE, there are fixed two slots per subframe, but in NR, no. of slot may vary.
5G OFDM symbol
- The number of symbols within a slot does not change with the numerology or subcarrier spacing.
- OFDM symbols in a slot can be classified as ‘downlink’ (denoted ‘D’), ‘flexible’ (denoted ‘X’), or ‘uplink’ (denoted ‘U’).
- In a slot in a downlink frame, the UE shall assume that downlink transmissions only occur in ‘downlink’ or ‘flexible’ symbols.
- In a slot in an uplink frame, the UE shall only transmit in ‘uplink’ or ‘flexible’ symbols.
- The number of symbols per slot is 14 (in case of Normal CP)
- The number of symbols per slot is 12 (in case of Extended CP)
NOTE: In NR slot format, DL and UL assignment changes at a symbol level (in LTE TDD the UL/DL assignment is done in a subframe level)
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